Cattery yani Kedi Evi aslında Kedi Yetiştiricisi nedir? Sorusunu yanıtlayacağız. Cattery (telaffuzu
KATTERİΧ değil Ketıri‘dir.√) kelime anlamı “kedilerin geçici olarak ya da satış amaçlı üretildiği yer”‘dir.¹ Türkçe’ye kedi evi aslında kedi yetiştiricisi olarak çevirilmesi gereken cattery ırk kedilerin bakıldığı, üretilip yetiştirildiği yerlere verilen isimdir.
Kedi evleri şecereli kedi üretebilmek için, mutlaka belge kaydı ve sorgulaması yapılabilen bir federasyon/dernek kayıtlı ve lisanslı olmalıdır. Kedi evleri/ catteryler ücret karşılığı uluslararası şemsiye kuruluşlardan isim hakkı almakta ve doğan yavruları sisteme kaydederek şecerelerinin tutularak verilmesini sağlamaktadır.
Her uluslararası kuruluşun kendine göre kuralları olup bu kurallar hayvanların refahı ve hayvan istismarını engellemek için düzenlenmektedir. Uluslararası kedi federasyonları/ birliklerinin düzenlediği cattery / kedi evi kurallarında hayvanların bakımı, yılda kaç kez eşleşme yapacağından yavruların aşıları, ne zamana kadar anne yanında kalması gerektiğine kadar çeşitli başlıklarda açıklamalar mevcuttur. Bazı federasyonların cattery/kedi yetiştiricisi kurallarına aşağıdan ‘İngilizce’ olarak ulaşabilirsiniz.
CFA Standart Kedi Yetiştiricisinin Minimum Gereksinimleri
For the purposes of this standard the following definitions shall apply:
- Person: An individual, firm, partnership, corporation, trust or any association of persons.
- CFA Cattery: Any person(s) who register a litter of kittens with the Cat Fanciers’ Association or who has registered three or more cats with the Cat Fanciers’ Association or who has registered a cattery name with the Cat Fanciers’ Association.
- Cattery Facility: A building, room or area used to house cats.
- Primary Enclosure: A structure used to immediately restrict one or more cats to a limited amount of space, such as a room, pen, run, cage or compartment.
- Animal Cruelty: Any inhumane or abusive or neglectful treatment causing harm or death of a cat as determined by local law enforcement authorities.
- Cat-in-distress: A cat which is in jeopardy of life or limb, as determined by a qualified animal control officer or veterinarian.
- Litter: Material to be used by the cat for defecation or urination.
- Litter Pan: An enclosure or area in which the litter is placed for the cat to use.
Standards – Cattery Facility
- The Cattery facility, whether it be a private residence, portion of a private residence or a separate structure not physically connected to a private residence, shall be structurally sound and maintained in good repair to protect the cats from injury, to protect the cats against overexposure to the elements, to contain the cats and to restrict the entrance of other animals.
- Supplies of food, bedding and interior building surfaces shall be maintained in a sanitary manner.
- Food shall be transported, handled and stored in a manner that ensures against the introduction of parasites, disease vectors (such as insects) or chemical contaminants. Supplies of dry food shall be store din area that are cool, dry, clean and free of vermin and other potential contaminants. Refrigeration shall be provided for supplies of perishable food. Conditions affecting the shelf life of food such as date of manufacture, exposure to extremes in temperature and humidity, exposure to moisture, unsanitary conditions, exposure to light, exposure to oxygen, and exposure to insects shall be monitored to prevent deterioration of the nutrient value of food.
- The facility shall be adequately heated and cooled to protect the cats from excessive cold and heat. The ambient temperature shall be maintained in a range that ensures that the cats will not suffer from heat stress (heat stroke or hyperthermia) nor from cold stress (frostbite or hypothermia).
- The facility shall be adequately ventilated to provide for the health and comfort of the cats at all times. The facility shall be provided with a source of fresh air by means of windows, doors, or vents and shall be ventilated in a manner that minimizes drafts, odors and moisture conditions.
- The facility shall have ample light of good quality by natural or artificial means or both. The lighting shall provide uniformly distributed illumination of sufficient intensity to permit routine inspection, cleaning and provide for the well-being of the cats. The cats shall be protected from excessive illumination.
- When sunlight is likely to cause overheating or discomfort, sufficient shade shall be provided to allow cats to protect themselves from direct rays of the sun.
- An access to shelter shall be provided for cats to allow them to remain dry at all times.
Standards – Primary Enclosures
Primary enclosures shall provide a micro-environment that satisfies the standards for the Cattery Facility as well as the following additional standards:
- A primary enclosure shall be structurally sound and maintained in good repair to protect the cats from injury, to contain them, to keep other animals out, and to enable the cats to remain dry and clean.
- A primary enclosure shall provide sufficient space to allow each enclosed cat to turn freely and to easily stand, sit and lie in a comfortable position. The minimum primary enclosure space for a single 4 lbs. Or greater cat is to be 30 cubic feet. Where the primary enclosure is used for more than one cat, resting perches shall be provided.
- A primary enclosure shall be constructed and maintained so that cats therein have convenient access to clean food, water and litter.
- The number of cats in a primary enclosure shall not exceed the number which would prevent proper ventilation and sanitation.
- A primary enclosure shall not be constructed or maintained with an exposed wire mesh bottom or any other material that will injure the feet or legs of a cat.
- If the primary enclose is not of sufficient size to allow the cat(s) to express their specialized locomotor patterns, then a area shall be made available for the cat(s) to exercise and scratch at least once a day.
Feeding and Water
- Cats shall be fed at least once each day except as otherwise required by a veterinarian. The foods shall be free from contamination and shall be wholesome, palatable and of sufficient quantity and nutritive value to meet the normal daily requirements for the condition and size of the cat. Food shall be provided in sufficient amounts to ensure normal growth in kittens and maintenance of normal body weight in adults.
- Food receptacles shall be accessible to all cats and shall be located to prevent contamination by excreta. Feeding dishes shall be kept clean. Self-feeders may be used for the feeding of dry food and shall be sanitized regularly to prevent molding, deterioration or caking of food.
Cleaning and Sanitation
- Primary enclosures, the cattery facility and storage spaces shall be cleaned with appropriate detergents and disinfectants as often as is necessary to keep them free of dirt, debris and harmful contamination.
- Easily accessible litter pans shall be provided for all cats at all times.
- Feces and soiled litter material shall be removed from all litter pans at least once a day.
- Absorbent litter and/or any other material used to absorb urine shall be changed when it becomes 30 percent saturated with urine.
- The cattery facility shall be kept clean and remain free of an accumulation of debris and excreta.
- All primary enclosures and accessory equipment, such as feeding bowls and watering devices, shall be washed and sanitized frequently to keep them clean and free from contamination.
- An effective program for the control of insects, ectoparasites and mammalian pests, if present, shall be established and maintained using animal safe products.
- The cattery shall promptly provide medical care to any cat-in-distress and/or any cat exhibiting signs of severe illness.
- Cats shall be observed daily and diseased cats shall promptly be provided with medical care.
- A vaccination program, under advice of a veterinarian, is recommended.
- Cats shall be kept clean, free of severe coat mats and generally groomed sufficiently to maintain a healthy condition.
- Cats residing in the cattery facility shall be treated humanely and without neglect.
- Catteries shall not allow a cat to be deprived of necessary sustenance, deprived of potable water, deprived of clean quarters, deprived of protection from weather, beaten, mutilated, cruelly treated or allow, through neglect, any situation to exist or per sist that would cause a cat-in-distress condition to occur or persist.
TICA Kedi Yetiştiricisi Kayıt Kuralları
Cattery Name Registration Rules
All members are expected to be familiar with and comply with all TICA By-Laws, Registration Rules, Show Rules, and Standing Rules.
Cattery names may ONLY be one word in length consisting of no more than 15 letters and must differ by at least two letters from any already registered cattery name.
- Cattery names may not contain:
- more than 15 letters
- punctuation marks (#, &, -, etc.)
- more than one word
A cattery name is a permanent record of the Association and may not be changed, however, you may register as many cattery names as you wish. Your cattery name may only be used as a prefix when you are the breeder; it may be used as a suffix when you are the registered owner of the cat. The cattery name that you register is the name that will be used in the registration of your cats and cats of your breeding in the prefix or suffix position. An apostrophe “s” may not be added to a TICA registered cattery name unless the cattery name was originally registered with an apostrophe “s”. Cattery names registered after 05/01/1992 may not use apostrophe “s”. When transferring a cat into your name you may drop the suffix and add your cattery name for a fee of $7 for each addition or deletion. Any use of the word “of” in any language may denote a cattery suffix, and foreign translations for the word “of” will not be allowed i.e., av, de, etc.
The TICA Registration Rules, ARTICLE Eight, state:
38.1 Cattery names may be permanently registered with the association upon written application and payment of the required fees.
38.2 A cattery name may not exceed fifteen letters. Cattery names must differ by two letters.
38.3 A cattery name may not duplicate the name of an accepted breed.
38.4 Registered cattery names may not be used unless the registered owner of the cattery name signs the application for registration or consent of such owner is filed in writing with an established association for cat registration.
38.5 The use of a breeder’s registered cattery name is restricted to a prefix.
38.6 A breeder who initially registers cats without a cattery prefix and subsequently registers a cattery name may subsequently add a cattery prefix by paying the required registration fee to re-register such cats.
38.7 A new owner’s registered cattery name may be added as a suffix (preceded by ” of “) when this is possible without violating 38.9 or 38.10, of this article or violating ARTICLE TEN, 310.3.
38.8 A cat’s name may include only one cattery name prefix and one cattery name suffix.
38.9 Once added, a cattery name suffix cannot be dropped or changed except upon payment of the required fee and surrender of the former registration certificate to the registrar.
38.10 Registered cattery names may be transferred upon surrender of the certificate of cattery name registration with written assignment of the transfer of ownership and payment of the required transfer fee.
WCF Önerilen Yetiştiricilik ve Kayıt Kuralları
The general welfare and health of all cats should be the most important consideration for all WCF members, breeders and owners of cats. These rules are general guidelines and should be adapted and followed as far as local circumstances and culture allow.
Cats with a congenital abnormality may not be bred from and may not be sold for breeding. The new owner should be advised of the abnormality and such cats should be sterilised, ideally before being sold, or registered “not for breeding”, if this is possible in the WCF member club.
Each WCF member club decides, with the guidance of it’s judges, on the local outcrossing allowances and inbreeding programs, within the rules of the WCF and according to the local government laws. Full brother-sister matings are not advisable and should be strongly discouraged.
Each WCF member club may accept any breed recognised by a WCC member for registration and shows. They may receive all WCF titles. The WCF member clubs have the autonomy to refuse any breeds not recognised by WCF as they wish.
The breeder must be a member of a WCF-Club. The cattery must have a registered WCF cattery name. All information such as the name of breeder,
address, breeds, etc. have to be current and updated as soon as there are changes. The registering breeder/cattery must be the legal owner of the
dam and be able to prove ownership. The breeder/cattery has to follow the WCF – and member club’s breeding rules and the local government laws
concerning the protection of animals, including the commercial registration of the cattery and breeding stock, where required.
These guidelines include the adequate feeding, hosting and general care of cats. At least the minimum standards according to the animal protection law
of the breeder’s resident country have to be me. The cattery and cat runs have to be of adequate size and offer protection against heat, cold and drafts.
They should allow enough natural daylight and be maintained in a good state of repair and – standard of hygiene. If possible, the cats should have access
to a secure garden environment. Regular human contact and socialisation must be provided, as well as the encouragement of natural behaviour, like
scratching, hiding and playing.
Registers (Stud Books)
It is recommended that clubs keep a Full Register as well as a Supplementary or Experimental Register. The Full Register may also be referred to as the
LO (Livre d’Origine) Register and the Experimental Register as the RIEX (Registre Initial et Experimental). Cats registration numbers should have an identi-
fication code indicating on which of the two registers they are registered.
Cats on the Full Register should be of a breed, pattern and colour officially listed in the WCF Standard of Points and should have at least 3 generations of
ancestors of the same or related breeds. The Supplementary Register is used for all other cats (for example outcrossed, novice and unrecognised breeds.)
The Standard of Points and Show Rules provide more information on Novice Registration and Outcrossing of certain Breeds and these must be followed
without exception.The registers should contain at least the Registered Name of the Cat, the Registered Cattery Name of the Breeder, the Registration Number
of the Cat, the Breed, Pattern and Colour of the Cat (as well as other relevant features, like coat length, eye colour, ear shape, tail, etc.), the Registered
Cattery Name of the Breeder, the Date of Birth of the Cat, the Sex of the Cat, the Name of the Breeder and the Name of the Registered Owner. It is strongly recommended that the member club’s WCF identification code forms part of the registration number. It is further recommended that the extended EMS code,
as available from the WCF office, is used.
Transfer of Registered Cats
Cats may be transferred from any other club or organisation, according to the individual club’s policy. This should only take place with proof of the original
registration document/s. The original registration number of the transferrred cat may be retained, or a new number may be assigned. When a new number
is assigned, the original registration number must also be retained on the records for reference purposes. The original name of a transferred cat must
always be retained, but the new owner’s cattery name may be added as a suffix. When a cat is transferred the previous registration document has to be
marked as “non-valid” or “cancelled”.
Ownership of Breeding Cats
A Breeder should provide proof of ownership before offspring of a female cat can be registered. The breeder should also provide proof of ownership
of the stud cat, or a mating certificate signed by the owner of the stud cat.
The contract has to contain all the information about the breeder, new owner and complete details of the cat. It should include a health-certificate and information about the special needs of cats and the specific breed. The breeder should support the new owner in any way possible.
New Breeds, Patterns & Colours
All Breeds, Patterns & Colours recognised by a WCC organisation may be accepted for registration on the Supplementary Register (RIEX). The separate
set of WCF rules for full recognition of New Breeds and Colour Varieties should be followed before such a cat can be registered on the Full Register (LO).
CODE OF ETHICS FOR BREEDERS
General conditions for husbandry and breeding cats
Due to the different legislative situation in the member-countries we can only give general conditions, which are supervised by the member-organizations.
Country specific regulations
Cat owners and cat breeders, who are associated with the WCF via their cat club, have to follow the laws and rules for the treatment of vertebrates,
which are valid in their country.
This includes adequate feeding, maintenance and health-care of the cats. Cats showing any signs of illness have to be presented for veterinary care
immediately. This is considered as a minimum requirement.
Rules for breeding and maintenance
Each member-organization has to specify detailed rules for breeding and husbandry for its members, which are in conformation with the country’s
In general the following has to be defined in these rules:
Female cats are allowed to give birth twice a year maximum (with a minimum of 3 months between the litters). Ideally a queen should give birth to
kittens only once a year.
Placement of kittens
Young kittens are not allowed to be separated from their mother and litter mates before the 12th week. Young kittens must be weaned, de-wormed
and vaccinated, before being placed in their new homes. It is strongly recommended to identify all kittens by micro-chip.
Each kitten born at a WCF member has to be registered and it is not allowed to be placed without a pedigree. The kitten’s placement has to be documented
by a contract. With this contract the breeder has to inform the new owner of the cat about its needs. The breeder shall assist the new owner with help,
advice and guidance as necessary.